imagecontentfitnessThe newest cardio equipment that has hit the fitness market is the elliptical training equipment. It gives individuals full and low impact body workouts. However, people must learn if these machines have been living up on the beneficial claims.

The University of Wisconsin’s researchers known as La Crosse have compared the motorized treadmill from the NordicTrack Ellipse elliptical trainer. They focused on parts like the cycle ergometer and stairstepper to determine the differences among the provided exercise modes of both equipments. Their study revealed that running a treadmill and Ellipse displays no important differences in terms of heart rate, calorie expenditure, and oxygen consumption. Both equipments have provided superior workouts on its test subjects over the cycle ergometer and stairstepper.

The researchers also discovered that impact forces that are produced by the Ellipse is similar to walking, while running a treadmill became the number one activity in providing maximum amounts of exercise impact, which could cause knee and joint pain. John Porcari who is the lead researcher explained that the Ellipse ground forces reaction is less than a half, compared to treadmill running, thus the motion of each equipment is giving workouts with similar intensity. Moreover, orthopedic injury is less likely to be acquired.


Pilates are now an answer to a number of health-related issues such as reduced core support, imbalance of muscles, pelvic instability, and back pain. Named after its founder Joseph H Pilates, Pilates is simply a series of exercise program that is focused to build a stable core, which in turn helps not only to strengthen your back but also to provide a healthy base to your overall movement. These exercises are based on six key principles, and the combination of these principles is regarded as the foundation of Pilates exercise programs.

Included in the principles are centering, which advises to concentrate on the bodys center, where core muscles reside; concentration, which gives emphasis to the connection between mind and body; control, i.e. complete control over muscle movement in order to ensure that your body do not perform without your awareness and concentration; breathing, which elucidates to breath in such a way that it should co-ordinate with a particular movement; precision, indicating the neutral alignment of the spine and neck; and flow, which encourages to perform exercise programs in a flowing movement.

In short, Pilates exercises are more or less a lively form of meditation, which are designed in such a way to support spine and maintain the healthy body balance. Enhanced muscle tone, stress relieving, improved flexibility, minimized risk of osteopathic disorders, energizing, positive attitude, improved posture and balance, and better sleep, are the benefits of Pilates work-outs, among many others. Above all, these programs help you to achieve an ideal weight.


Charles Atlas developed his training methods by observing the animals at the zoo. This was after he tried weights but had no progress.

For those of you who are in the combative arts, this might be of interest to you. We study the way the animals of the wild fight, incorporate what is applicable to the human body and use it to defend ourselves.

But, if we also take a lesson from Atlas and use these movements to develop incredible strength we can not only be much healthier, we can also be better at our arts. I personally believe this was part of the teachings of the old masters, but has been forgotten due to so called advancements weight training. Curiously, Atlas also taught fighting arts in his courses such as Karate, Boxing and Wrestling. Hmmmm

Many of the “old time” strong men acquired freakish strength with little or no use of any weights whatsoever. They knew what the Bulgarians have discovered thru high-tech experiments. That it only thru moving your body thru space that the proper hormones are released that result in greater strength and fitness.


About Exercise Bike


Nowadays, there is a growing awareness regarding fitness around the world. You can find several people, working out at a local health club or in their home gym; for enhancing strength, preventing sickness, getting healthier and to live longer.

An exercise bikeis a favorite exercise machine of many individuals throughout the world. It has a seat, pedals and handles just like a real bicycle used for travelling outdoors. However, it is stationary and only used indoors.

Racing cyclists work on exercise bikes to warm up before a sports event. They are suitable for novice riders, and used by everyone for overall well-being, weight loss and burning calories; at home anytime and during all weather conditions.


The idea of having ones own gym at home is appealing, but unless you are a millionaire or a top celebrity, having ones home gym and trainer will be forever a dream. Unless of course, you decide to try getting a handy home gym machine. Two of those in the market currently are the Total Gym and the Bowflex Home Gym. If you were to choose between the two, which would be better?

The Total Gym is endorsed by Chuck Norris and Christy Brinkley. It promises to slim all the body parts of some peoples nightmares–the arms, abs, back, chest, legs and shoulders. Thats the Total Gym. Exercises can be done on a lower incline to firm and slenderize, then done on a higher incline to build and sculpt, they say. There are three versions of the Total Gym machine, with the least expensive being the Total Gym 2000 at US $599.40. With this machine you get a 30-day trial for US$49.95, and if you wish to keep it, there are 5 additional payments for US $109.89. On the other hand, paid in full you will get a free upgrade, which means an additional attachment to your machine that can add to your exercise regimen. Shipping is free for all three versions.

Independent reviews note that the Total Gym is used by over 7000 fitness centers, hospitals and rehabilitation clinics worldwide. Nonetheless, they claim that you wont get your moneys worth if you go beyond the Total Gym 2000 for personal use, since the basic to intermediate user will do fine with this basic model. A reviewer noted that all three models do the same thing anyway, give or take a few minor changes. On the downside, the Total Gym is difficult to move around, bulky and heavy. Hair can get caught in it, and the accessories are expensive. Bodybuilders will not benefit from it, and the machine is expensive compared to a health club where you get more options.


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A prolapsed disc or injury to the nerve exit foramen in the neck can give very severe neck and arm pain known as cervical radiculopathy. The sixth cervical nerve is affected in 25% of cases and the seventh in 60% of cases. Of all arm pains of neck origin, about a quarter are due to an acute disc prolapse. With age disc bulges, ligament and joint enlargement and bony osteophytes encroach on the space the nerve has to travel through and this is a more common cause of cervical radiculopathy in older persons. Neck pain from cervical disc prolapse is routinely assessed and treated by physiotherapists.
Factors making nerve root pain more likely are routine lifting of weights above 25 pounds (12 kilograms), driving or operating vibrating machinery and smoking. Cervical radiculopathy is not common and occurs much less frequently than lumbar root lesions such as sciatica.
The vertebrae from the second to the seventh neck vertebra have discs between them which smooth out shocks applied to the spine and transmit the necessary loads. The bony, disc and joint structures make up the nerve exit channels on the side of the spine and the nerve roots take up to 33% of the available space. If the surrounding structures suffer from degenerative or arthritic changes they can narrow the exit foramen and cause nerve compression.
The physiotherapist will take a detailed history to establish the diagnosis is clearly that of cervical radiculopathy. The exact location and nature of the pain, numbness or weakness, aggravating or easing factors, mechanism of injury, previous occurrences, lower limb symptoms, bladder or bowel dysfunction and medical or other treatments are all noted.
People with root pain look tired due to poor sleep, don’t find anything funny and guard their arm in a protective posture against the abdomen or hold it out to the side with their hand on the back of their neck or the other side of the head. This may reduce the forces through the inflamed nerve root and so reduce pain.
On physiotherapy examination patients look tired as they have not slept and they lose their sense of humour. They may hold their arm in a relieving posture cradled across the body or with the elbow out to the side and the hand behind the neck or over the head towards the opposite ear. This may reduce the tension through the irritated or compressed nerve root, reducing the pain.
Posture is usually abnormal with the head tilted away from the painful side and the neck held stiffly with reduced ranges of movement. The physio notes the muscle spasm and tests the muscle power to determine which nerve root is affected, looks for sensory and reflex loss and notes which combination of movements are provocative and if manual traction reduces symptoms.
In the sub-acute phase restoration of neck range of movements and strength is encouraged with isometric neck exercises with a progression to isotonic and multiple muscle groups. To prevent further problems, a long term exercise regime of aerobic fitness, stretching and strengthening may be helpful.